Non-invasive airway health assessment: Synchrotron imaging reveals effects of rehydrating treatments on mucociliary transit in-vivo

Martin Donnelley, Kaye Susannah Morgan, Karen Kit Wan Siu, Nigel R Farrow, Charlene Shia-Ying Stahr, Richard C Boucher, Andreas Fouras, David Parsons

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine the efficacy of potential cystic fibrosis (CF) therapies we have developed a novel mucociliary transit (MCT) measurement that uses synchrotron phase contrast X-ray imaging (PCXI) to non-invasively measure the transit rate of individual micron-sized particles deposited into the airways of live mice. The aim of this study was to image changes in MCT produced by a rehydrating treatment based on hypertonic saline (HS), a current CF clinical treatment. Live mice received HS containing a long acting epithelial sodium channel blocker (P308); isotonic saline; or no treatment, using a nebuliser integrated within a small-animal ventilator circuit. Marker particle motion was tracked for 20 minutes using PCXI. There were statistically significant increases in MCT in the isotonic and HS-P308 groups. The ability to quantify in vivo changes in MCT may have utility in pre-clinical research studies designed to bring new genetic and pharmaceutical treatments for respiratory diseases into clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3689
Number of pages6
JournalScientific Reports
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2014

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