Non-fatal overdose among adult prisoners with a history of injecting drug use in two Australian states

Elizabeth Moore, Rebecca Jane Winter, Devon Indig, David Greenberg, Stuart Kinner

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Recently released prisoners are at markedly increased risk of death and drug-related causes predominate. Non-fatal overdose (NFOD) is considerably more common than fatal overdose, but has received relatively little research attention and most studies of NFOD in this population have suffered from small samples of unknown representativeness. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and correlates of lifetime NFOD among prisoners in NSW and Queensland. Methods: Cross-sectional surveys of adult prisoners in two Australian states: New South Wales (n= 972) and Queensland (n= 1316). Use of similar measures and methods in the two states made direct comparison of findings possible. Results: In both NSW and Queensland, 23 of participants reported a lifetime history of NFOD and prisoners with a history of injecting drug use were significantly more likely to report lifetime NFOD. The lifetime prevalence of NFOD among prisoners with a history of injecting drug use was significantly higher in NSW than in Queensland (44 vs. 35 ; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45 - 51
Number of pages7
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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