Non-Equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Bakery Products

Yong Wang, Weibiao Zhou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The non-equilibrium states in bakery products, the corresponding transitions, as well as their impacts on some physical properties of the bakery products are discussed in this chapter. Frozen dough and bread are the two major bakery products that have been subject to intensive studies which are critically reviewed. Research results on biscuit, cracker, cookie, cake, tortilla, and wafer are also covered. Major ingredients, moisture content, and storage condition are the most influential factors in determining the non-equilibrium properties of bakery products. Several characterization techniques have been employed in this area, among which differential scanning calorimeter, dynamic mechanical analyzer, thermal mechanical analyzer, dielectric analyzer, and dielectric thermal mechanical analyzer are the most common and informative ones. The non-equilibrium states and glass transitions have significant influence on the product quality, sensory properties, processing condition, and shelf life of various bakery products, and thus need to be carefully controlled from the viewpoint of both academic research and industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNon-Equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods
Subtitle of host publicationProcessing Effects and Product-Specific Implications
EditorsBhesh Bhandari, Yrjö H. Roos
Place of PublicationDuxford, UK
PublisherAcademic Press
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9780081003350
ISBN (Print)9780081003091
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Bakery
  • Biscuit
  • Bread
  • DEA
  • DMA
  • DSC
  • Frozen dough
  • Glass transition
  • Relaxation
  • Glass Transition and Crystallization in Foods

    Wang, Y. & Truong, T., 28 Nov 2016, Non-Equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods: Processing Effects and Product-Specific Implications. Bhandari, B. & Roos, Y. H. (eds.). Duxford, UK: Woodhead Publishing Limited, p. 153-172 20 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

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