Non-Covalent derivatives: Cocrystals and eutectics

Emily Stoler, John C. Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Non-covalent derivatives (NCDs) are formed by incorporating one (or more) coformer molecule(s) into the matrix of a parent molecule via non-covalent forces. These forces can include ionic forces, Van der Waals forces, hydrogen bonding, lipophilic-lipophilic interactions and pi-pi interactions. NCDs, in both cocrystal and eutectic forms, possess properties that are unique to their supramolecular matrix. These properties include critical product performance factors such as solubility, stability and bioavailability. NCDs have been used to tailor materials for a variety of applications and have the potential to be used in an even broader range of materials and processes. NCDs can be prepared using little or no solvent and none of the reagents typical to synthetic modifications. Thus, NCDs represent a powerfully versatile, environmentally-friendly and cost-effective opportunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14833-14848
Number of pages16
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Cocrystals
  • Eutectics
  • Green chemistry
  • Non-covalent derivative

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