Non-axisymmetric flow development in pulsatile blood flow through an aneurysm

R. A. Jamison, G. J. Sheard, K. Ryan

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Abstract

Computational fluid dynamics modelling of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is commonly simplified to consider a two-dimensional axisymmetric problem. To determine the validity of this assumption, a Floquet stability analysis was employed to predict the conditions under which an axisymmetric aneurysmal flow is unstable to non-axisymmetric instabilities. Dimensions of the model were selected to be consistent with a high-risk aneurysm in the human abdominal aorta. In particular, the model consisted of an elliptical bulge defining the aneurysm, and both upstream and downstream artery sections. A sinusoidal time-varying parabolic velocity profile was input upstream, with Womersley number a = 16.9 (representing a heart rate of 70 beats per minute when artery diameter D = 22.7 mm and kinematic viscosity ν = 3.3×10 -6 m 2 / s). A Reynolds number range relevant to aneurysms in large arteries was examined, with the critical Reynolds number for non-axisymmetric transition and the corresponding azimuthal wavelength found to be Re CRIT = 610 and λ = π (azimuthal mode number m = 2). The maximum vorticity at the vessel wall was found to occur at the distal end of the aneurysm bulge. The pulsatile flow frequency was also varied, with the frequency dependence on Re CRIT and λ being established.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, 16AFMC
Pages353-360
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
EventAustralasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2007 - Crown Plaza, Gold Coast, Australia
Duration: 3 Dec 20077 Dec 2007
Conference number: 16th

Conference

ConferenceAustralasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2007
Abbreviated title16AFMC
CountryAustralia
CityGold Coast
Period3/12/077/12/07

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Floquet stability analysis
  • Non-axisymmetric flow
  • Three-dimensional transition

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