No-report paradigms: Extracting the true neural correlates of consciousness

Naotsugu Tsuchiya, Melanie Wilke, Stefan Frassle, Victor A F Lamme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

302 Citations (Scopus)


The goal of consciousness research is to reveal the neural basis of phenomenal experience. To study phenomenology, experimenters seem obliged to ask reports from the subjects to ascertain what they experience. However, we argue that the requirement of reports has biased the search for the neural correlates of consciousness over the past decades. More recent studies attempt to dissociate neural activity that gives rise to consciousness from the activity that enables the report; in particular, no-report paradigms have been utilized to study conscious experience in the full absence of any report. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of report-based and no-report paradigms, and ask how these jointly bring us closer to understanding the true neural basis of consciousness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-770
Number of pages14
JournalTrends in Cognitive Sciences
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this