NMR structures of ζ-subunits, which are recently discovered α-proteobacterial F1F0-ATPase-regulatory proteins representing a Pfam protein family of 246 sequences from 219 species (PF07345), exhibit a four-helix bundle, which is different from all other known F 1F0-ATPase inhibitors. Chemical shift mapping reveals a conserved ADP/ATP binding site in ζ-subunit, which mediates long-range conformational changes related to function, as revealed by the structure of the Paracoccus denitrificans ζ-subunit in complex with ADP. These structural data suggest a new mechanism of F1F0-ATPase regulation in α-proteobacteria.
- ATPase-regulating protein
- NMR structure determination