This study was designed to determine whether nitric oxide (NO) modulates the positive chronotropic and inotropic (in paced atria) responses to cardiac sympathetic nerve stimulation (SNS) in the isolated guinea-pig double atrial/right stellate ganglion preparation. The ganglion was stimulated at 1, 2, 3 and 5 Hz at constant voltage and the changes in heart rate or force of contraction were measured. The selective neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) inhibitors TRIM (1-(2-trifluoromethylphenyl) imidazole; 100 μM) and 7-NiNa (Na+ salt of 7-nitroindazole; 100 μM) significantly enhanced the positive chronotropic and inotropic responses to SNS. Similar results for heart rate were seen with the non-isoform-selective NOS inhibitor Nωnitro-l-arginine (l-NA; 100 μM). All effects were reversed with l-arginine (1 mM). The NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP; 100 μM) increased baseline heart rate and force of contraction, and attenuated the positive chronotropic and inotropic responses to SNS. SNP also decreased the positive chronotropic response to bath-applied noradrenaline (NA; 1 μM). In contrast, 7-NiNa did not alter the increase in heart rate with bath-applied NA (0.1 or 1 μM). The guanylyl cyclase inhibitor ODQ (10 μM) enhanced (mimicking nNOS inhibition) and the cyclic GMP (guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate) analogue 8-Br-cGMP (8-bromoguanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate; 1 mM) attenuated (mimicking exogenous NO) the positive inotropic response to SNS. Taken together, these results are consistent with endogenous NO, synthesized from nNOS, inhibiting the positive chronotropic and inotropic responses evoked by cardiac SNS via a cyclic GMP-dependent pathway. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
- bpm beats per minute
- Cyclic GMP
- Nitric oxide
- SNS sympathetic nerve stimulation