Next generation, sequentially assembled ultrathin films: Beyond electrostatics

John F. Quinn, Angus P.R. Johnston, Georgina K. Such, Alexander N. Zelikin, Frank Caruso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

411 Citations (Scopus)


Over the last 15 years, the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technology has proven to be a versatile method for surface modification. This approach is likely to find widespread application because of its simplicity and versatility; however, the conventional use of highly charged materials with limited responsive behaviour presents some key limitations. In this tutorial review, the formation of multilayer thin films prepared through non-electrostatic interactions is reviewed. We discuss the assembly of films via a number of different methodologies, with particular emphasis on those that provide enhanced orientational control, stimuli-responsive behaviour, and improved film stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-718
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

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