New twofold saddle-point formulations for Biot poroelasticity with porosity-dependent permeability

Bishnu P. Lamichhane, Ricardo Ruiz-Baier, Segundo Villa-Fuentes

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We propose four-field and five-field Hu–Washizu-type mixed formulations for nonlinear poroelasticity – a coupled fluid diffusion and solid deformation process – considering that the permeability depends on a linear combination between fluid pressure and dilation. As the determination of the physical strains is necessary, the first formulation is written in terms of the primal unknowns of solid displacement and pore fluid pressure as well as the poroelastic stress and the infinitesimal strain, and it considers strongly symmetric Cauchy stresses. The second formulation imposes stress symmetry in a weak sense and it requires the additional unknown of solid rotation tensor. We study the unique solvability of the problem using the Banach fixed-point theory, properties of twofold saddle-point problems, and the Banach–Nečas–Babuška theory. We propose monolithic Galerkin discretisations based on conforming Arnold–Winther for poroelastic stress and displacement, and either PEERS or Arnold–Falk–Winther finite element families for the stress–displacement-rotation field variables. The wellposedness of the discrete problem is established as well, and we show a priori error estimates in the natural norms. Some numerical examples are provided to confirm the rates of convergence predicted by the theory, and we also illustrate the use of the formulation in some typical tests in Biot poroelasticity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100438
Number of pages22
JournalResults in Applied Mathematics
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • Fixed-point operators
  • Hu–Washizu formulation
  • Mixed finite element methods
  • Nonlinear poroelasticity
  • Twofold saddle-point problems

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