Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), which is epidemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), may threaten gains made in tuberculosis (TB) control, as DM is both a major risk factor for developing active TB and it can lead to adverse TB treatment outcomes. Despite World Health Organization guidance that all TB patients should be screened for DM, most facilities in LMICs that manage TB patients do not currently perform screening for DM, due in part to the cost and complexity involved. DM screening is further complicated by the presentation of transient hyperglycemia in many TB patients, as well as differences in diabetes risk factors (e.g., body mass index) between TB patients and the general public. In this article, we review existing and new technologies for DM screening that may be more suitable for TB patients in LMICs. Such methods should be rapid, they should not require fasting, and they should allow the provider to differentiate between transient and longer-term hyperglycemia, using inexpensive tools that require little training and no specialized infrastructure. Several methods that are currently under development, such as point-of-care glycated hemoglobin and glycated albumin assays, non-invasive advanced glycation end-product readers, and sudomotor function-based screening devices, offer interesting performance characteristics and warrant evaluation in populations with TB.