This work presents polysulfone membranes as new materials for the development of compact dehydrogenase-based biosensors. Composite films were prepared by mixing polysulfone with graphite and were deposited on epoxy-graphite composite electrodes. Redox mediators were successfully immobilized in the composite film leading to highly reproducible biosensors, without leakage of the immobilized species. This results in a more reliable analytical system as, at the same time, problems of electrode fouling related to the detection of the coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) on which is based the amperometric detection of dehydrogenase-based biosensors are avoided. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the morphological characteristics of the surface and the cross-section of the polysulfone-graphite composite films. Several procedures to immobilize enzymes in these membranes were demonstrated. Glutamate dehydrogenase (GlDH) was immobilized as an example of dehydrogenase enzyme, in this case for the development of an ammonium biosensor. High sensitivity, good selectivity, wide linear ranges and short response times were obtained for the optimized sensors and biosensors. Their good performance combined with the simplicity of the construction method, make the polysulfone-graphite composite films attractive matrices for the development of new enzyme-based biosensors, especially those based on dehydrogenase enzymes.
- Dehydrogenase-based biosensors
- Redox mediators