Ordered mesoporous materials (OMMs) have received increasing interest due to their uniform pore size, high surface area, various compositions and wide applications in energy conversion and storage, biomedicine and environmental remediation, etc. The soft templating synthesis using surfactants or amphiphilic block copolymers is the most efficient method to produce OMMs with tailorable pore structure and surface property. However, due to the limited choice of commercially available soft templates, the common OMMs usually show small pore size and amorphous (or semicrystalline) frameworks. Tailormade amphiphilic block copolymers with controllable molecular weights and compositions have recently emerged as alternative soft templates for synthesis of new OMMs with many unique features including adjustable mesostructures and framework compositions, ultralarge pores, thick pore walls, high thermal stability and crystalline frameworks. In this Perspective, recent progresses and some new insights into the coassembly process about the synthesis of OMMs based on these tailor-made copolymers as templates are summarized, and typical newly developed synthesis methods and strategies are discussed in depth, including solvent evaporation induced aggregation, ligand-assisted coassembly, solvent evaporation induced micelle fusion-aggregation assembly, homopolymer assisted pore expanding and carbon-supported crystallization strategy. Then, the applications of the obtained large-pore OMMs in catalysis, sensor, energy conversion and storage, and biomedicine by loading large-size guest molecules (e.g., protein and RNA), precious metal nanoparticles and quantum dots, are discussed. At last, the outlook on the prospects and challenges of future research about the synthesis of large-pore OMMs by using tailor-made amphiphilic block copolymers are included.