New advances in electrochemical biosensors for the detection of toxins: Nanomaterials, magnetic beads and microfluidics systems. A review

Laia Reverté, Beatriz Prieto-Simón, Mònica Campàs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of nanotechnology in bioanalytical devices has special advantages in the detection of toxins of interest in food safety and environmental applications. The low levels to be detected and the small size of toxins justify the increasing number of publications dealing with electrochemical biosensors, due to their high sensitivity and design versatility. The incorporation of nanomaterials in their development has been exploited to further increase their sensitivity, providing simple and fast devices, with multiplexed capabilities. This paper gives an overview of the electrochemical biosensors that have incorporated carbon and metal nanomaterials in their configurations for the detection of toxins. Biosensing systems based on magnetic beads or integrated into microfluidics systems have also been considered because of their contribution to the development of compact analytical devices. The roles of these materials, the methods used for their incorporation in the biosensor configurations as well as the advantages they provide to the analyses are summarised.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-21
Number of pages14
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume908
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrochemical biosensor
  • Magnetic bead
  • Microfluidics system
  • Nanomaterial
  • Toxin

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