Neutrophils mediate HIV-specific antibody-dependent phagocytosis and ADCC

Matthew J. Worley, Kuangyu Fei, Adam J. Lopez-Denman, Anthony D. Kelleher, Stephen J. Kent, Amy W. Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is growing evidence to support the role of Fc-mediated effector functions, such as Antibody-Dependent Cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and Antibody-Dependent Phagocytosis (ADP) in the protection and control of HIV. The RV144 trial and other recent HIV vaccine studies have highlighted the importance of ADCC responses in protection against HIV. The role of neutrophils, the most abundant leukocyte in the blood, has not been thoroughly evaluated for Fc-mediated effector functions to HIV. We optimized HIV-specific neutrophil ADCC and Antibody-Dependent Neutrophil Phagocytosis (ADNP) assays using freshly isolated primary human neutrophils from blood. We also developed methods to study ADP using the neutrophil-like HL-60 cell line. We found that neutrophils mediate both HIV-specific ADP and ADCC responses. In vitro, neutrophil-mediated ADCC responses peaked at 4 h, much faster than primary NK cell or monocyte-mediated responses. We detected a wide range of responses in the ADNP, HL-60 mediated ADP and ADCC across a cohort of 41 viremic antiretroviral therapy naïve HIV positive subjects. HL-60 and Neutrophil-mediated ADP and ADCC responses correlated well with each other, suggesting that they measure overlapping functions. The ADNP and HL-60 ADP inversely correlated with HIV viral load, suggesting that these antibody-mediated neutrophil-based assays should prove useful in dissecting HIV-specific immunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-52
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Volume457
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • ADCC
  • Antibody
  • HIV-1
  • HL-60
  • Neutrophils
  • Phagocytosis

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