Neutralization of IL-17 ameliorates uveitis but damages photoreceptors in a murine model of spondyloarthritis

Jelena M Kezic, Tibor T Glant, James T Rosenbaum, Holly L Rosenzweig

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24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Uveitis, or intraocular inflammatory disease, is a frequent extra-articular manifestation of several forms of arthritis. Despite the frequent co-occurrence of uveitis and arthritis, little is understood of the eye s predisposition to this disease. We recently described a previously unreported uveitis in a murine model of spondyloarthropathy triggered by autoimmunity to aggrecan, a prominent proteoglycan (PG) macromolecule in cartilage. In contrast to the joint and spine, wherein interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) deficiency reduced disease, IFNgamma deficiency worsened uveitis. Given the regulatory role of IFNgamma on the Th17 response and the current focus of anti-interleukin-17 therapeutics in patients with uveitis and spondyloarthritis, we sought to determine the extent to which interleukin (IL)-17 mediates uveitis in the absence of IFNgamma. METHODS: Antigen specific T cell cytokine production was measured in splenocyte cultures using multiplex-ELISA. Transgenic (Tg) mice expressing the T cell receptor (TCR) recognizing the dominant arthritogenic epitope in the G1 domain of PG (TCR-Tg), also lacking IFNgamma, were immunized with PG. Mice were then systemically administered an anti-IL-17 neutralizing antibody. The onset and severity of peripheral arthritis was evaluated by clinical scoring criteria and histology. Uveitis was assessed using intravital videomicroscopy, which visualizes leukocyte trafficking within the vasculature and tissue of the iris, and by histology. RESULTS: TCR-Tg splenocytes stimulated in vitro with recombinant G1 peptide demonstrated exacerbated production of cytokines, such as macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha, MIP-1beta, IL-1beta, and most notably IL-17A as a consequence of IFNgamma deficiency. In vivo, IL-17 inhibition prevented the component of PG-induced arthritis that occurs independently of IFNgamma. Blockade of IL-17 ameliorated the ongoing leukocyte trafficking responses within the iris vasculature and t
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 9
Number of pages9
JournalArthritis Research & Therapy
Volume14
Issue number1 (Art. ID: R18)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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