Neuroprotective effects of Biochanin A against β-amyloid-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells via a mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis pathway

Ji Wei Tan, Min Kyu Kim

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease is considered one of the major neurodegenerative diseases and is characterized by the production of β- amyloid (Aβ) proteins and progressive loss of neurons. Biochanin A, a phytoestrogen compound found mainly in Trifolium pratense, was used in the present study as a potential alternative to estrogen replacement therapy via the investigation of its neuroprotective effects against Aβ25-35-induced toxicity, as well as of its potential mechanisms of action in PC12 cells. Exposure of these cells to the Aβ25-35 protein significantly increased cell viability loss and apoptosis. However, the effects induced by Aβ25-35 were markedly reversed in the present of biochanin A. Pretreatment with biochanin A attenuated the cytotoxic effect of the Aβ25-35 protein by decreasing viability loss, LDH release, and caspase activity in cells. Moreover, we found that expression of cytochrome c and Puma were reduced, alongside with the restoration of Bcl-2/Bax and Bcl-xL/Bax ratio in the presence of biochanin A, which led to a decrease in the apoptotic rate. These data demonstrate that mitochondria are involved in the protective effect of biochanin A against Aβ25-35 and that this drug attenuated Aβ25- 35-induced PC12 cell injury and apoptosis by preventing mitochondrial dysfunction. Thus, biochanin A might raise a possibility as a potential therapeutic agent for Alzheimer's disease and other related neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number548
Number of pages14
JournalMolecules
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Apoptosis
  • Beta-amyloid
  • Biochanin A
  • Mitochondrial dysfunction
  • PC12 cells

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