Neuregulins (NRGs), a large family of transmembrane polypeptide growth factors, mediate various cellular responses depending on the cell type and receptor expression. We previously showed that NRG mediates survival of PC12-ErbB4 cells from apoptosis induced by serum deprivation or tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment. In the present study we show that NRG induces a significant protective effect from H(2)O(2)-induced death. This effect of NRG is mediated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-signaling pathway since NRG failed to rescue cells from H(2)O(2) insult in the presence of the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002. Furthermore, the downstream effector of PI3K, protein kinase B/AKT, is activated by NRG in the presence of H(2)O(2), and protein kinase B/AKT activation is inhibited by LY294002. In addition, our results demonstrate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) elevation induced by H(2)O(2) is inhibited by NRG. LY294002, which blocks NRG-mediated rescue, increases ROS levels. Moreover, both H(2)O(2)-induced ROS elevation and cell death are reduced by expression of activated PI3K. These results suggest that PI3K-dependent pathways may regulate toxic levels of ROS generated by oxidative stress.
|Pages (from-to)||46379 - 46385|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|