Neuregulin rescues PC12-ErbB4 cells from cell death induced by H(2)O(2). Regulation of reactive oxygen species levels by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase

Yana Goldshmit, Shlomit Erlich, Ronit Pinkas-Kramarski

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Neuregulins (NRGs), a large family of transmembrane polypeptide growth factors, mediate various cellular responses depending on the cell type and receptor expression. We previously showed that NRG mediates survival of PC12-ErbB4 cells from apoptosis induced by serum deprivation or tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment. In the present study we show that NRG induces a significant protective effect from H(2)O(2)-induced death. This effect of NRG is mediated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-signaling pathway since NRG failed to rescue cells from H(2)O(2) insult in the presence of the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002. Furthermore, the downstream effector of PI3K, protein kinase B/AKT, is activated by NRG in the presence of H(2)O(2), and protein kinase B/AKT activation is inhibited by LY294002. In addition, our results demonstrate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) elevation induced by H(2)O(2) is inhibited by NRG. LY294002, which blocks NRG-mediated rescue, increases ROS levels. Moreover, both H(2)O(2)-induced ROS elevation and cell death are reduced by expression of activated PI3K. These results suggest that PI3K-dependent pathways may regulate toxic levels of ROS generated by oxidative stress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46379 - 46385
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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