Neural evidence that conscious awareness of errors is reduced in depression following a traumatic brain injury

Neil Bailey, Kate Elizabeth Hoy, Jerome Joseph Maller, Daniel John Upton, Rebecca Anne Segrave, Bernadette Fitzgibbon, Paul Bernard Fitzgerald

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Impaired error awareness is related to poorer outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Error awareness deficits are also found in major depressive disorder (MDD), but have not been examined in the MDD that follows a TBI (TBI-MDD). This study assessed neural activity related to error awareness in TBI-MDD. Four groups completed a response inhibition task while EEG was recorded- healthy controls (. N=. 15), MDD-only (. N=. 15), TBI-only (. N=. 16), and TBI-MDD (. N=. 12). Error related EEG activity was compared using powerful randomisation statistics that included all electrodes and time points. Participants with TBI-MDD displayed less frontally distributed neural activity, suggesting reduced contribution from frontal generating sources. Neural activity during this time window is thought to reflect conscious awareness of errors. The TBI-only and MDD-only groups did not differ from controls, and early error processing was unaffected, suggesting early error detection is intact
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 10
Number of pages10
JournalBiological Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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