Neoarchean crustal growth and Paleoproterozoic reworking in the Borborema Province, NE Brazil: Insights from geochemical and isotopic data of TTG and metagranitic rocks of the Alto Moxotó Terrane

Lauro Cézar Montefalco de Lira Santos, Elton Luiz Dantas, Peter A. Cawood, Edilton José dos Santos, Reinhardt A. Fuck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Pre-Brasiliano rocks in the Borborema Province (NE Brazil) are concentrated in basement blocks, such as the Alto Moxotó Terrane. Petrographic, geochemical, and U-Pb and Sm-Nd isotopic data from two basement metagranitic suites within the terrane provide evidence for Neoarchean (2.6 Ga) and Paleoproterozoic (2.1 Ga) subduction-related events. The Riacho das Lajes Suite is made of medium to coarse-grained hornblende and biotite-bearing metatonalites and metamonzogranites. Whole-rock geochemical data indicate that these rocks represent calcic, magnesian and meta-to peraluminous magmas, and have unequivocal affinities with high-Al low-REE tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorites (TTG). Zircon U-Pb data from two samples of this suite indicate that they were emplaced at 2.6 Ga, which is the first discovered Archean crust in the central portion of the province. The suite has Neoarchean depleted mantle model ages (TDM) and slightly negative to positive εNd(t), indicating slight crustal contamination. The overall geochemical and isotopic data indicate a Neoarchean intraoceanic setting for genesis of the Riacho das Lajes magma via melting of basaltic oceanic crust submitted to high-pressure eclogite facies conditions. On the other hand, the Floresta Suite comprise metaigneous rocks, which are mostly tonalitic and granodioritic in composition. Geochemical data indicate that this suite shares similarities with calcic to calc-alkalic magmas with magnesian and metaluminous to slightly peraluminous characteristics. Other geochemical features include anomolous Ni, V and Cr contents, as well as high large-ion litophile elements (LILE) values. The suite yields U-Pb zircon ages of approximately 2.1 Ga, Archean to Paleoproterozoic TDM ages, and negative to positive εNd(t) values, suggesting both new crust formation and reworking of Archean crust, in addition to mantle metasomatism, reflecting mixed sources. The most likely tectonic setting for the Floresta Suite magmas involved crustal thickening by terrane accretion, coeval to slab break off. Our results provide new insights on proto-Western Gondwana crustal evolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-363
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of South American Earth Sciences
Volume79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Borborema province
  • Continental reworking
  • Crustal growth
  • Neoarchean TTG
  • Western gondwana

Cite this

@article{39e23027a134474da42a9cb0befaa2bd,
title = "Neoarchean crustal growth and Paleoproterozoic reworking in the Borborema Province, NE Brazil: Insights from geochemical and isotopic data of TTG and metagranitic rocks of the Alto Moxot{\'o} Terrane",
abstract = "Pre-Brasiliano rocks in the Borborema Province (NE Brazil) are concentrated in basement blocks, such as the Alto Moxot{\'o} Terrane. Petrographic, geochemical, and U-Pb and Sm-Nd isotopic data from two basement metagranitic suites within the terrane provide evidence for Neoarchean (2.6 Ga) and Paleoproterozoic (2.1 Ga) subduction-related events. The Riacho das Lajes Suite is made of medium to coarse-grained hornblende and biotite-bearing metatonalites and metamonzogranites. Whole-rock geochemical data indicate that these rocks represent calcic, magnesian and meta-to peraluminous magmas, and have unequivocal affinities with high-Al low-REE tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorites (TTG). Zircon U-Pb data from two samples of this suite indicate that they were emplaced at 2.6 Ga, which is the first discovered Archean crust in the central portion of the province. The suite has Neoarchean depleted mantle model ages (TDM) and slightly negative to positive εNd(t), indicating slight crustal contamination. The overall geochemical and isotopic data indicate a Neoarchean intraoceanic setting for genesis of the Riacho das Lajes magma via melting of basaltic oceanic crust submitted to high-pressure eclogite facies conditions. On the other hand, the Floresta Suite comprise metaigneous rocks, which are mostly tonalitic and granodioritic in composition. Geochemical data indicate that this suite shares similarities with calcic to calc-alkalic magmas with magnesian and metaluminous to slightly peraluminous characteristics. Other geochemical features include anomolous Ni, V and Cr contents, as well as high large-ion litophile elements (LILE) values. The suite yields U-Pb zircon ages of approximately 2.1 Ga, Archean to Paleoproterozoic TDM ages, and negative to positive εNd(t) values, suggesting both new crust formation and reworking of Archean crust, in addition to mantle metasomatism, reflecting mixed sources. The most likely tectonic setting for the Floresta Suite magmas involved crustal thickening by terrane accretion, coeval to slab break off. Our results provide new insights on proto-Western Gondwana crustal evolution.",
keywords = "Borborema province, Continental reworking, Crustal growth, Neoarchean TTG, Western gondwana",
author = "{Montefalco de Lira Santos}, {Lauro C{\'e}zar} and Dantas, {Elton Luiz} and Cawood, {Peter A.} and {Jos{\'e} dos Santos}, Edilton and Fuck, {Reinhardt A.}",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsames.2017.08.013",
language = "English",
volume = "79",
pages = "342--363",
journal = "Journal of South American Earth Sciences",
issn = "0895-9811",
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}

Neoarchean crustal growth and Paleoproterozoic reworking in the Borborema Province, NE Brazil : Insights from geochemical and isotopic data of TTG and metagranitic rocks of the Alto Moxotó Terrane. / Montefalco de Lira Santos, Lauro Cézar; Dantas, Elton Luiz; Cawood, Peter A.; José dos Santos, Edilton; Fuck, Reinhardt A.

In: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, Vol. 79, 01.11.2017, p. 342-363.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neoarchean crustal growth and Paleoproterozoic reworking in the Borborema Province, NE Brazil

T2 - Insights from geochemical and isotopic data of TTG and metagranitic rocks of the Alto Moxotó Terrane

AU - Montefalco de Lira Santos, Lauro Cézar

AU - Dantas, Elton Luiz

AU - Cawood, Peter A.

AU - José dos Santos, Edilton

AU - Fuck, Reinhardt A.

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Pre-Brasiliano rocks in the Borborema Province (NE Brazil) are concentrated in basement blocks, such as the Alto Moxotó Terrane. Petrographic, geochemical, and U-Pb and Sm-Nd isotopic data from two basement metagranitic suites within the terrane provide evidence for Neoarchean (2.6 Ga) and Paleoproterozoic (2.1 Ga) subduction-related events. The Riacho das Lajes Suite is made of medium to coarse-grained hornblende and biotite-bearing metatonalites and metamonzogranites. Whole-rock geochemical data indicate that these rocks represent calcic, magnesian and meta-to peraluminous magmas, and have unequivocal affinities with high-Al low-REE tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorites (TTG). Zircon U-Pb data from two samples of this suite indicate that they were emplaced at 2.6 Ga, which is the first discovered Archean crust in the central portion of the province. The suite has Neoarchean depleted mantle model ages (TDM) and slightly negative to positive εNd(t), indicating slight crustal contamination. The overall geochemical and isotopic data indicate a Neoarchean intraoceanic setting for genesis of the Riacho das Lajes magma via melting of basaltic oceanic crust submitted to high-pressure eclogite facies conditions. On the other hand, the Floresta Suite comprise metaigneous rocks, which are mostly tonalitic and granodioritic in composition. Geochemical data indicate that this suite shares similarities with calcic to calc-alkalic magmas with magnesian and metaluminous to slightly peraluminous characteristics. Other geochemical features include anomolous Ni, V and Cr contents, as well as high large-ion litophile elements (LILE) values. The suite yields U-Pb zircon ages of approximately 2.1 Ga, Archean to Paleoproterozoic TDM ages, and negative to positive εNd(t) values, suggesting both new crust formation and reworking of Archean crust, in addition to mantle metasomatism, reflecting mixed sources. The most likely tectonic setting for the Floresta Suite magmas involved crustal thickening by terrane accretion, coeval to slab break off. Our results provide new insights on proto-Western Gondwana crustal evolution.

AB - Pre-Brasiliano rocks in the Borborema Province (NE Brazil) are concentrated in basement blocks, such as the Alto Moxotó Terrane. Petrographic, geochemical, and U-Pb and Sm-Nd isotopic data from two basement metagranitic suites within the terrane provide evidence for Neoarchean (2.6 Ga) and Paleoproterozoic (2.1 Ga) subduction-related events. The Riacho das Lajes Suite is made of medium to coarse-grained hornblende and biotite-bearing metatonalites and metamonzogranites. Whole-rock geochemical data indicate that these rocks represent calcic, magnesian and meta-to peraluminous magmas, and have unequivocal affinities with high-Al low-REE tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorites (TTG). Zircon U-Pb data from two samples of this suite indicate that they were emplaced at 2.6 Ga, which is the first discovered Archean crust in the central portion of the province. The suite has Neoarchean depleted mantle model ages (TDM) and slightly negative to positive εNd(t), indicating slight crustal contamination. The overall geochemical and isotopic data indicate a Neoarchean intraoceanic setting for genesis of the Riacho das Lajes magma via melting of basaltic oceanic crust submitted to high-pressure eclogite facies conditions. On the other hand, the Floresta Suite comprise metaigneous rocks, which are mostly tonalitic and granodioritic in composition. Geochemical data indicate that this suite shares similarities with calcic to calc-alkalic magmas with magnesian and metaluminous to slightly peraluminous characteristics. Other geochemical features include anomolous Ni, V and Cr contents, as well as high large-ion litophile elements (LILE) values. The suite yields U-Pb zircon ages of approximately 2.1 Ga, Archean to Paleoproterozoic TDM ages, and negative to positive εNd(t) values, suggesting both new crust formation and reworking of Archean crust, in addition to mantle metasomatism, reflecting mixed sources. The most likely tectonic setting for the Floresta Suite magmas involved crustal thickening by terrane accretion, coeval to slab break off. Our results provide new insights on proto-Western Gondwana crustal evolution.

KW - Borborema province

KW - Continental reworking

KW - Crustal growth

KW - Neoarchean TTG

KW - Western gondwana

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DO - 10.1016/j.jsames.2017.08.013

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JO - Journal of South American Earth Sciences

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