Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors

Review and research agenda

Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Shannon Sahlqvist, Suzanne Mavoa, Nyssa Hadgraft, Neville Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Physical activity recommendations are beginning to address sedentary behaviors - time spent sitting. Environmental and policy initiatives for physical activity might assist in addressing sedentary behaviors, but sedentary-specific innovations may be required. This review synthesizes current evidence on associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. Methods: A search was conducted using three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Transport Research Information Services). Relevant articles were assessed for their eligibility for inclusion (English-language articles with a quantitative examination of associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors). Results: Within 17 studies meeting inclusion criteria, associations of environmental attributes with sedentary behaviors were examined in 89 instances. Significant associations were found in 28% (n= 25) of them; however, non-significant associations were found in 56% (n= 50) of these instances. The most consistent association was for lower levels of sedentary behavior among residents of urban compared to regional areas. Conclusions: There is a modest but mixed initial evidence in associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. A research agenda required for this emerging field should include the development of more relevant conceptual models, measuring domain-specific sedentary behavior objectively, examining environments in close vicinity of and a larger area around home, and the use of prospective designs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Leisure
  • Sitting time
  • Transportation
  • Urban design

Cite this

Koohsari, Mohammad Javad ; Sugiyama, Takemi ; Sahlqvist, Shannon ; Mavoa, Suzanne ; Hadgraft, Nyssa ; Owen, Neville. / Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors : Review and research agenda. In: Preventive Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 77. pp. 141-149.
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abstract = "Objective: Physical activity recommendations are beginning to address sedentary behaviors - time spent sitting. Environmental and policy initiatives for physical activity might assist in addressing sedentary behaviors, but sedentary-specific innovations may be required. This review synthesizes current evidence on associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. Methods: A search was conducted using three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Transport Research Information Services). Relevant articles were assessed for their eligibility for inclusion (English-language articles with a quantitative examination of associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors). Results: Within 17 studies meeting inclusion criteria, associations of environmental attributes with sedentary behaviors were examined in 89 instances. Significant associations were found in 28{\%} (n= 25) of them; however, non-significant associations were found in 56{\%} (n= 50) of these instances. The most consistent association was for lower levels of sedentary behavior among residents of urban compared to regional areas. Conclusions: There is a modest but mixed initial evidence in associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. A research agenda required for this emerging field should include the development of more relevant conceptual models, measuring domain-specific sedentary behavior objectively, examining environments in close vicinity of and a larger area around home, and the use of prospective designs.",
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Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors : Review and research agenda. / Koohsari, Mohammad Javad; Sugiyama, Takemi; Sahlqvist, Shannon; Mavoa, Suzanne; Hadgraft, Nyssa; Owen, Neville.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 77, 01.08.2015, p. 141-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

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