Negative cases in the nexus between self-control, social bonds, and delinquency

Carter Hay, Ryan C. Meldrum, Alex R. Piquero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Gottfredson and Hirschi view social bonds and crime as spurious correlates that are associated largely because each results from self-control. Prior tests undermine this hypothesis, pointing to negative cases that run counter to its logic. The authors examine this issue with attention to negative cases in which self-control does not translate into the expected level of social bonding. Analyzing data from a sample of U.S. adolescents, the authors found that negative cases constitute between 8% and 27% of cases and that assessing them sheds new light on the interconnections between self-control, social bonds, and delinquency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-25
Number of pages23
JournalYouth Violence and Juvenile Justice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • delinquency
  • general theory of crime
  • self-control
  • social bonds
  • spuriousness

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