Gottfredson and Hirschi view social bonds and crime as spurious correlates that are associated largely because each results from self-control. Prior tests undermine this hypothesis, pointing to negative cases that run counter to its logic. The authors examine this issue with attention to negative cases in which self-control does not translate into the expected level of social bonding. Analyzing data from a sample of U.S. adolescents, the authors found that negative cases constitute between 8% and 27% of cases and that assessing them sheds new light on the interconnections between self-control, social bonds, and delinquency.
- general theory of crime
- social bonds