Near-field mapping of localized plasmon resonances in metal-free, nano-membrane graphene for mid-infrared sensing applications

Mai Desouky, Muhammad R. Anisur, Maria Alba, R. K. Singh Raman, Mohamed A. Swillam, Nicolas H. Voelcker, Amal Kasry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Graphene, as an optically transparent material, typically defies any attempt for mid-infrared (mid-IR) absorption, which limits its applications in mid-IR biosensing. Although remarkable evidence for mid-IR nanopatterned graphene plasmons has been reported via the induction of free charge carriers, no study so far has investigated plasmonic excitation in nanopatterned graphene without employing induced voltage, high chemical doping, or metallic reflectors. In this work, we show that localized plasmon resonance (LSPR) can be probed in metal-free, naturally doped, nanomembrane graphene (NMG) without induced voltage or using metallic layers. We rely on facile, lithography-free, fabrication methodology to pattern nanoscale holes in a single sheet of graphene using Au nanoislands with hole dimensions as small as 10 nm. We image the LSPR at the graphene membrane edges via scanning near-field optical microscopy. Our experimental findings are confirmed by theoretical electromagnetic field mapping at the graphene membrane edges leading to noticeable absorption. We demonstrate the dependence of this absorption wavelength on the hole diameter and interhole distance; hence, we present a new avenue to fundamentally boost light harvesting with naturally doped NMG which is pivotal for mid-IR sensors. We show that our designed NMG can be used as a mid-IR biosensor with theoretically calculated sensitivity of 825 nm/RIU.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6454-6462
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Volume1
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Graphene
  • Lithography-free
  • Mid-infrared
  • Near Field
  • Plasmonics

Cite this

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title = "Near-field mapping of localized plasmon resonances in metal-free, nano-membrane graphene for mid-infrared sensing applications",
abstract = "Graphene, as an optically transparent material, typically defies any attempt for mid-infrared (mid-IR) absorption, which limits its applications in mid-IR biosensing. Although remarkable evidence for mid-IR nanopatterned graphene plasmons has been reported via the induction of free charge carriers, no study so far has investigated plasmonic excitation in nanopatterned graphene without employing induced voltage, high chemical doping, or metallic reflectors. In this work, we show that localized plasmon resonance (LSPR) can be probed in metal-free, naturally doped, nanomembrane graphene (NMG) without induced voltage or using metallic layers. We rely on facile, lithography-free, fabrication methodology to pattern nanoscale holes in a single sheet of graphene using Au nanoislands with hole dimensions as small as 10 nm. We image the LSPR at the graphene membrane edges via scanning near-field optical microscopy. Our experimental findings are confirmed by theoretical electromagnetic field mapping at the graphene membrane edges leading to noticeable absorption. We demonstrate the dependence of this absorption wavelength on the hole diameter and interhole distance; hence, we present a new avenue to fundamentally boost light harvesting with naturally doped NMG which is pivotal for mid-IR sensors. We show that our designed NMG can be used as a mid-IR biosensor with theoretically calculated sensitivity of 825 nm/RIU.",
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author = "Mai Desouky and Anisur, {Muhammad R.} and Maria Alba and {Singh Raman}, {R. K.} and Swillam, {Mohamed A.} and Voelcker, {Nicolas H.} and Amal Kasry",
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Near-field mapping of localized plasmon resonances in metal-free, nano-membrane graphene for mid-infrared sensing applications. / Desouky, Mai; Anisur, Muhammad R.; Alba, Maria; Singh Raman, R. K.; Swillam, Mohamed A.; Voelcker, Nicolas H.; Kasry, Amal.

In: ACS Applied Nano Materials, Vol. 1, No. 11, 01.01.2018, p. 6454-6462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Near-field mapping of localized plasmon resonances in metal-free, nano-membrane graphene for mid-infrared sensing applications

AU - Desouky, Mai

AU - Anisur, Muhammad R.

AU - Alba, Maria

AU - Singh Raman, R. K.

AU - Swillam, Mohamed A.

AU - Voelcker, Nicolas H.

AU - Kasry, Amal

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AB - Graphene, as an optically transparent material, typically defies any attempt for mid-infrared (mid-IR) absorption, which limits its applications in mid-IR biosensing. Although remarkable evidence for mid-IR nanopatterned graphene plasmons has been reported via the induction of free charge carriers, no study so far has investigated plasmonic excitation in nanopatterned graphene without employing induced voltage, high chemical doping, or metallic reflectors. In this work, we show that localized plasmon resonance (LSPR) can be probed in metal-free, naturally doped, nanomembrane graphene (NMG) without induced voltage or using metallic layers. We rely on facile, lithography-free, fabrication methodology to pattern nanoscale holes in a single sheet of graphene using Au nanoislands with hole dimensions as small as 10 nm. We image the LSPR at the graphene membrane edges via scanning near-field optical microscopy. Our experimental findings are confirmed by theoretical electromagnetic field mapping at the graphene membrane edges leading to noticeable absorption. We demonstrate the dependence of this absorption wavelength on the hole diameter and interhole distance; hence, we present a new avenue to fundamentally boost light harvesting with naturally doped NMG which is pivotal for mid-IR sensors. We show that our designed NMG can be used as a mid-IR biosensor with theoretically calculated sensitivity of 825 nm/RIU.

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