NaviBike: comparing unimodal navigation cues for child cyclists

Andrii Matviienko, Swamy Ananthanarayan, Abdallah El Ali, Wilko Heuten, Susanne Boll

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review


Navigation systems for cyclists are commonly screen-based devices mounted on the handlebar which show map information. Typically, adult cyclists have to explicitly look down for directions. This can be distracting and challenging for children, given their developmental differences in motor and perceptual-motor abilities compared with adults. To address this issue, we designed different unimodal cues and explored their suitability for child cyclists through two experiments. In the first experiment, we developed an indoor bicycle simulator and compared auditory, light, and vibrotactile navigation cues. In the second experiment, we investigated these navigation cues in-situ in an outdoor practice test track using a mid-size tricycle. To simulate road distractions, children were given an additional auditory task in both experiments. We found that auditory navigational cues were the most understandable and the least prone to navigation errors. However, light and vibrotactile cues might be useful for educating younger child cyclists.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
EditorsAnna Cox, Vassilis Kostakos
Place of PublicationNew York NY USA
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781450359702
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 2019 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 May 20199 May 2019
Conference number: 37th (Proceedings)


ConferenceInternational Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 2019
Abbreviated titleCHI 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


  • bicycle simulator
  • navigation for child cyclists
  • unimodal navigation cues

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