Natural and artificial surfaces with superwettability for liquid collection

Jie Ju, Xi Yao, Lei Jiang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

Surfaces with superwettability have many remarkable prospective applications, of which their use for liquid collection is attracting more and more attention worldwide. As typical examples of water collection from foggy atmospheres, Namibian desert beetles, spiders, and cactus make full use respectively of their patterned backs with contrast wettability, spider silks with periodic spindle-knots and joints, and spines with multi-level structures to directionally transport the water collected to specific positions, respectively. Guided by these structure-function relationships and following the similar principles, researchers have developed many methods to fabricate artificial desert beetles, artificial spider silks, and artificial cactus spines, resembling not only the microstructures and surface wettability but also functions to collect liquid directionally. This chapter mainly aims to give an introduction to liquid collection on those natural and artificial organisms, with a brief conclusion and outlook.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNon-Wettable Surfaces
Subtitle of host publicationTheory, Preparation, and Applications
EditorsRobin H. A. Ras, Abraham Marmur
Place of PublicationCambridge UK
PublisherThe Royal Society of Chemistry
Chapter8
Pages223-252
Number of pages30
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9781782629689, 9781782623953
ISBN (Print)9781782621546
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameRSC Soft Matter
PublisherThe Royal Society of Chemistry
Volume5
ISSN (Print)2048-7681

Cite this

Ju, J., Yao, X., & Jiang, L. (2017). Natural and artificial surfaces with superwettability for liquid collection. In R. H. A. Ras, & A. Marmur (Eds.), Non-Wettable Surfaces: Theory, Preparation, and Applications (1st ed., pp. 223-252). (RSC Soft Matter; Vol. 5). Cambridge UK: The Royal Society of Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781782623953-00223