Narrow tube spray drying

S. Mansouri, V. Suriya Hena, M. W. Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Spray drying conventionally necessitates relatively large or elongated drying chambers. The present study examined the possibility in shrinking the spray drying chamber into narrow tube-like geometry. The key was in utilizing fine droplets which had low transport response time. A narrow copper/steel tube spray dryer (internal diameters between 12.7 and 48.0 mm) was constructed and was fitted with a two-fluid atomizer producing droplets in the size range smaller than 10 µm. Maltodextrin, lactose, and sucrose were spray-dried. The narrow tube approach allowed direct manipulation of the drying conditions via heating or cooling along the wall of the tube. This form of manipulation in the drying conditions, surprisingly, resulted in very distinctly crystalline spray-dried sucrose particles. The tube spray dryer was further modified with a long coiled-up tube, extending the particle residence time with minimal space requirements. Endoscopic analysis revealed that particle deposition within the tube resembled loosely attached particle and granules. The tube spray drying concept can potentially be used to provide precise control of the particle drying history along the length of the drying chamber, not limited to the control of the drying conditions at the inlet or outlet of a spray dryer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043-1051
Number of pages9
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2016


  • Crystallization
  • deposition
  • droplet drying
  • particle response time
  • spray drying
  • tube drying

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