Nanostructured MnOx catalysts in the liquid phase selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol with oxygen: Part I. Effects of Ce and Fe addition on structure and reactivity

Francesco Arena, Bianca Gumina, Agata Lombardo, Claudia Espro, Antonio Frank Patti, Lorenzo Spadaro, Leone Spiccia

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62 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of Ce (Ceat/Mnat, 0-1) and Fe addition ((Ceat+Feat)/Mnat, 0.3) on the texture, structure and redox properties of MnOx systems have been investigated. Irrespective of their loading, the Ce and Fe promoters lead to nanostructured composite systems with a much larger surface area than the oxide component alone. Both Ce and Fe ions improve catalyst reducibility because of structural effects enhancing the surface availability of high oxidation number Mnn+ (n≥4) sites. At variance with the inactivity of the CeO2 and Fe2O3 promoters, the bare and promoted MnOx catalysts drive the liquid phase oxidation of benzyl alcohol with oxygen in the range of 323-353K with total aldehyde selectivity. The dependence of activity level on MnOx loading and unchanging activation energy barrier (52±5kJ/mol) substantiate the lack of electronic effects attributable to both Ce and Fe promoters. Although a marked activity loss recorded after the 1st reaction cycle, calcination at T≥473K fully restores the catalyst functionality
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-267
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • MnOx catalysts
  • Ce and Fe promoters
  • Selective oxidation
  • Benzyl alcohol
  • Structural-electronic effects

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