Nanostructured amorphous gallium phosphide on silica for nonlinear and ultrafast nanophotonics

Benjamin Tilmann, Gustavo Grinblat, Rodrigo Berté, Mehmet Özcan, Viktoria F. Kunzelmann, Bert Nickel, Ian D. Sharp, Emiliano Cortés, Stefan A. Maier, Yi Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Nanophotonics based on high refractive index dielectrics relies on appreciable contrast between the indices of designed nanostructures and their immediate surrounding, which can be achieved by the growth of thin films on low-index substrates. Here we propose the use of high index amorphous gallium phosphide (a-GaP), fabricated by radio-frequency sputter deposition, on top of a low refractive index glass substrate and thoroughly examine its nanophotonic properties. Spectral ellipsometry of the amorphous material demonstrates the optical properties to be considerably close to crystalline gallium phosphide (c-GaP), with low-loss transparency for wavelengths longer than 650 nm. When nanostructured into nanopatches, the second harmonic (SH) response of an individual a-GaP patch is characterized to be more than two orders of magnitude larger than the as-deposited unstructured film, with an anapole-like resonant behavior. Numerical simulations are in good agreement with the experimental results over a large spectral and geometrical range. Furthermore, by studying individual a-GaP nanopatches through non-degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy with sub-10 fs pulses, we find a more than 5% ultrafast modulation of the reflectivity that is accompanied by a slower decaying free carrier contribution, caused by absorption. Our investigations reveal a potential for a-GaP as an adequate inexpensive and CMOS-compatible material for nonlinear nanophotonic applications as well as for photocatalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1500-1508
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale Horizons
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Cite this