Food nanotechnology involves the utilization of nanocarrier systems to stabilize the bioactive materials against a range of environmental and chemical changes as well as to improve their bioavailability. Nanoliposome technology presents exciting opportunities for food technologists in areas such as encapsulation and controlled release of food materials, as well as the enhanced bioavailability, stability, and shelf-life of sensitive ingredients. Liposomes and nanoliposomes have been used in the food industry to deliver flavors and nutrients and, more recently, have been investigated for their ability to incorporate antimicrobials that could aid in the protection of food products against microbial contamination. In this paper, the main physicochemical properties of liposomes and nanoliposomes are described and some of the industrially applicable methods for their manufacture are reviewed. A summary of the application of nanoliposomes as carrier vehicles of nutrients, nutraceuticals, enzymes, food additives, and food antimicrobials is also presented.
|Pages (from-to)||309 - 327|
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Journal of Liposome Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|