NanoCrystalline Cellulose isolated from oil palm empty fruit bunch and its potential in cadmium metal removal

Yong Hui Lim, Irene Mei Leng Chew, Thomas Shean Yaw Choong, Mei Ching Tan, Khang Wei Tan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

14 Citations (Scopus)


NanoCrystalline Cellulose (NCC) was isolated via ultrasonic cavitation assisted acid hydrolysis method. Characterization was done using Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) together with Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) imaging to double prove the existence of NCC. DLS measures length of 236.6 nm with width of 34.40 nm, supported by SEM which showed NCC a rod-like shaped particle with large surface area and high porosity. It was then attempted for heavy metal cadmium ion (Cd) removal from aqueous solution. The pH implication to the rate of Cd2+ adsorption was investigated by varying the solution to pH 4, pH 7 and pH 10 over a duration of 120 minutes. The removal efficiency was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) resulting in pH 7 being the most favorable for Cd2+ removal.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Frontiers of Sensors Technologies, ICFST 2016, 12 March 2016 - 14 March 2016
PublisherMATEC Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventInternational Conference on Frontiers of Sensors Technologies 2016 - Hong Kong, China
Duration: 12 Mar 201614 Mar 2016 (Proceedings)

Publication series

NameMATEC Web of Conferences
PublisherEDP Sciences
ISSN (Print)2261-236X


ConferenceInternational Conference on Frontiers of Sensors Technologies 2016
Abbreviated titleICFST 2016
CityHong Kong
Internet address

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