NanoCrystalline Cellulose isolated from oil palm empty fruit bunch and its potential in cadmium metal removal

Yong Hui Lim, Irene Mei Leng Chew, Thomas Shean Yaw Choong, Mei Ching Tan, Khang Wei Tan

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    NanoCrystalline Cellulose (NCC) was isolated via ultrasonic cavitation assisted acid hydrolysis method. Characterization was done using Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) together with Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) imaging to double prove the existence of NCC. DLS measures length of 236.6 nm with width of 34.40 nm, supported by SEM which showed NCC a rod-like shaped particle with large surface area and high porosity. It was then attempted for heavy metal cadmium ion (Cd) removal from aqueous solution. The pH implication to the rate of Cd2+ adsorption was investigated by varying the solution to pH 4, pH 7 and pH 10 over a duration of 120 minutes. The removal efficiency was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) resulting in pH 7 being the most favorable for Cd2+ removal.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Frontiers of Sensors Technologies, ICFST 2016, 12 March 2016 - 14 March 2016
    PublisherMATEC Web of Conferences
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    EventInternational Conference on Frontiers of Sensors Technologies 2016 - Hong Kong, China
    Duration: 12 Mar 201614 Mar 2016 (Proceedings)

    Publication series

    NameMATEC Web of Conferences
    PublisherEDP Sciences
    ISSN (Print)2261-236X


    ConferenceInternational Conference on Frontiers of Sensors Technologies 2016
    Abbreviated titleICFST 2016
    CityHong Kong
    Internet address

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