Nanocarriers for treatment of ocular neovascularization in the back of the eye: New vehicles for ophthalmic drug delivery

Hsin-Hui Shen, Elsa C. Chan, Jia Hui Lee, Youn-Shen Bee, Tsung-Wu Lin, Gregory J. Dusting, Guei-Sheung Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pathologic neovascularization of the retina is a major cause of substantial and irreversible loss of vision. Drugs are difficult to deliver to the lesions in the back of the eye and this is a major obstacle for the therapeutics. Current pharmacological approach involves an intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF agents to prevent aberrant growth of blood vessels, but it has limitations including therapeutic efficacy and side-effects associated with systemic exposure and invasive surgery. Nanotechnology provides novel opportunities to overcome the limitations of conventional delivery system to reach the back of the eye through fabrication of nanostructures capable of encapsulating and delivering small molecules. This review article introduces various forms of nanocarrier that can be adopted by ocular drug delivery systems to improve current therapy. The application of nanotechnology in medicine brings new hope for ocular drug delivery in the back of the eye to manage the major causes of blindness associated with ocular neovascularization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2093 - 2107
Number of pages15
JournalNanomedicine
Volume10
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Drug delivery
  • Eye
  • Nanocarriers
  • Ocular neovascularization

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