OBJECTIVE: To test the ability of a novel super high-flux (SHF) membrane with a larger pore size to clear myoglobin from serum. SETTING: The intensive care unit of a university teaching hospital. SUBJECT: A patient with serotonin syndrome complicated by severe rhabodomyolysis and oliguric acute renal failure. METHOD: Initially continuous veno-venous hemofiltration was performed at 2 l/hour ultrafiltration (UF) with a standard polysulphone 1.4 m2 membrane (cutoff point, 20 kDa), followed by continuous veno-venous hemofiltration with a SHF membrane (cutoff point, 100 kDa) at 2 l/hour UF, then at 3 l/hour UF and then at 4 l/hour UF, in an attempt to clear myoglobin. RESULTS: The myoglobin concentration in the ultrafiltrate at 2 l/hour exchange was at least five times greater with the SHF membrane than with the conventional membrane (>100,000 microg/l versus 23,003 microg/l). The sieving coefficients with the SHF membrane at 3 l/hour UF and 4 l/hour UF were 72.2% and 68.8%, respectively. The amount of myoglobin removed with the conventional membrane was 1.1 g/day compared with 4.4-5.1 g/day for the SHF membrane. The SHF membrane achieved a clearance of up to 56.4 l/day, and achieved a reduction in serum myoglobin concentration from >100,000 microg/l to 16,542 microg/l in 48 hours. CONCLUSIONS: SHF hemofiltration achieved a much greater clearance of myoglobin than conventional hemofiltration, and it may provide a potential modality for the treatment of myoglobinuric acute renal failure.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2005|