Myocardial interstitial levels of serotonin and its major metabolite 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid during ischemia-reperfusion

Cheng-Kun Du, Dong-Yun Zhan, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Tadakatsu Inagaki, Toshiaki Shishido, Mikiyasu Shirai, James T. Pearson

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6 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to examine the accumulation of serotonin (5-HT) and degradation of 5-HT taken up into cells in the ischemic region during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. Using microdialysis technique in anesthetized rats, we monitored myocardial interstitial levels of 5-HT and its metabolite produced by monoamine oxidase (MAO), 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA), during 30-min coronary occlusion followed by 45-min reperfusion, and investigated the effects of local administration of the MAO inhibitor pargyline and the 5-HT uptake inhibitor fluoxetine. In the vehicle group, the dialysate 5-HT concentration increased from 1.3 ± 0.2 nM at baseline to 29.6 ± 2.8 nM at 22.5–30 min of occlusion, but the dialysate 5-HIAA concentration did not change from baseline (9.9 ± 1.1 nM). Upon reperfusion, the dialysate 5-HT concentration increased further to a peak (34.2 ± 4.2 nM) at 0–7.5 min and then declined. The dialysate 5-HIAA concentration increased to 31.9 ± 5.2 nM at 7.5–15 min of reperfusion and maintained this high level until 45 min. Pargyline markedly suppressed the increase in dialysate 5-HIAA concentration after reperfusion and increased the averaged dialysate 5-HT concentration during the reperfusion period. Fluoxetine suppressed the increase in dialysate 5-HT concentration during occlusion but did not change dialysate 5-HT or 5-HIAA concentration after reperfusion. During ischemia, 5-HT secreted from ischemic tissues accumulates but 5-HT degradation by MAO is suppressed. After reperfusion, degradation of 5-HT taken up into cells is enhanced and contributes to the clearance of accumulated 5-HT. This degradation following cellular uptake is dependent on MAO activity but not the fluoxetinesensitive uptake transporter. NEW & NOTEWORTHY By monitoring myocardial interstitial levels of 5-HT and its metabolite, 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid, we investigated 5-HT kinetics during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. 5-HT accumulates but 5-HT degradation is suppressed during ischemia. After reperfusion, 5-HT degradation is enhanced and this degradation is dependent on monoamine oxidase activity but not fluoxetine-sensitive uptake transporter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H60-H67
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Anesthetized rat
  • Cardiac serotonin
  • Extraneuronal monoamine transporter
  • Microdialysis technique
  • SERT

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