Myeloperoxidase peptide-based nasal tolerance in experimental ANCA-associated GN

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Less toxic treatment options for patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA-associated GN are needed. Using an established murine model of focal necrotizing GN mediated by autoimmunity to MPO (autoimmune anti-MPO GN), we assessed the capacity for nasal tolerance induced by nasal insufflation of the immunodominant nephritogenic MPO peptide (MPO409-428) to attenuate this disease. Compared with mice that received an irrelevant immunodominant ovalbumin (OVA) peptide, OVA323-339, mice that received MPO409-428 were protected from the development of humoral and cell-mediated autoimmunity to full-length MPO and the development of GN. In mice with established anti-MPO autoimmunity, nasal insufflation of MPO409-428 as a therapeutic attenuated anti-MPO GN. To investigate the nature of this induced tolerance, we isolated CD4+ T cells from the upper airway draining lymph nodes of both OVA323-339- and MPO409-428-tolerized mice. Adoptive transfer of CD4+ T cells from MPO409-428- but not OVA323-339-tolerized mice to animals with established anti-MPO autoimmunity attenuated the subsequent development of GN, confirming that the immunosuppression induced by these T cells is antigen specific. Ex vivo studies showed that nasal tolerance to MPO is mediated by both conventional and induced T regulatory cells. The strong homology between the pathogenic human MPO B cell epitope recognized by ANCA in patients with acute vasculitis and the nephritogenic murine T cell MPO epitope emphasizes the clinical relevance of this study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385 - 391
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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