Mutational spectrum in a worldwide study of 29,700 families with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations

Timothy R. Rebbeck, Tara M. Friebel, Eitan Friedman, Ute Hamann, Dezheng Huo, Ava Kwong, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I. Olopade, Angela R. Solano, Soo Hwang Teo, Mads Thomassen, Jeffrey N. Weitzel, T. L. Chan, Fergus J. Couch, David E. Goldgar, Torben A. Kruse, Edenir Inêz Palmero, Sue Kyung Park, Diana Torres, Lesley McGuffogElizabeth J. van Rensburg, Michael T. Parsons, Goska Leslie, Cora M. Aalfs, Julio Abugattas, Julian Adlard, Simona Agata, Kristiina Aittomäki, Lesley Andrews, Irene L. Andrulis, Adalgeir Arason, Norbert Arnold, Banu K. Arun, Ella Asseryanis, Leo Auerbach, Jacopo Azzollini, Judith Balmaña, Monica Barile, Rosa B. Barkardottir, Daniel Barrowdale, Javier Benitez, Andreas Berger, Raanan Berger, Amie M. Blanco, Kathleen R. Blazer, Marinus J. Blok, Valérie Bonadona, Bernardo Bonanni, Angela R. Bradbury, Carole Brewer, Bruno Buecher, Saundra S. Buys, Trinidad Caldes, Almuth Caliebe, Maria A. Caligo, Ian Campbell, Sandrine M. Caputo, Jocelyne Chiquette, Wendy K. Chung, Kathleen B.M. Claes, J. Margriet Collée, Jackie Cook, Rosemarie Davidson, Miguel de la Hoya, Kim De Leeneer, Antoine de Pauw, Capucine Delnatte, Orland Diez, Yuan Chun Ding, Nina Ditsch, Susan M. Domchek, Cecilia M. Dorfling, Carolina Velazquez, Bernd Dworniczak, Jacqueline Eason, Douglas F. Easton, Ros Eeles, Hans Ehrencrona, Bent Ejlertsen, emBRAce, Christoph Engel, Stefanie Engert, D. Gareth Evans, Laurence Faivre, Lidia Feliubadaló, Sandra Fert Ferrer, Lenka Foretova, Jeffrey Fowler, Debra Frost, Henrique C.R. Galvão, Patricia A. Ganz, Judy Garber, Marion Gauthier-Villars, Andrea Gehrig, GEMO Study Collaborators, Anne Marie Gerdes, Paul Gesta, Giuseppe Giannini, Sophie Giraud, Gord Glendon, Andrew K. Godwin, Mark H. Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Angelica Gutierrez-Barrera, Eric Hahnen, Jan Hauke, HeBon, Alex Henderson, Julia Hentschel, Frans B.L. Hogervorst, Ellen Honisch, Evgeny N. Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Louise Izatt, Angel Izquierdo, Anna Jakubowska, Paul James, Ramunas Janavicius, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M. John, Joseph Vijai, Katarzyna Kaczmarek, Beth Y. Karlan, Karin Kast, KCon Fab Investigators, Sung Won Kim, Irene Konstantopoulou, Jacob Korach, Yael Laitman, Adriana Lasa, Christine Lasset, Conxi Lázaro, Annette Lee, Min Hyuk Lee, Jenny Lester, Fabienne Lesueur, Annelie Liljegren, Noralane M. Lindor, Michel Longy, Jennifer T. Loud, Karen H. Lu, Jan Lubinski, Eva Machackova, Siranoush Manoukian, Véronique Mari, Cristina Martínez-Bouzas, Zoltan Matrai, Noura Mebirouk, Hanne E.J. Meijers-Heijboer, Alfons Meindl, Arjen R. Mensenkamp, Ugnius Mickys, Austin Miller, Marco Montagna, Kirsten B. Moysich, Anna Marie Mulligan, Jacob Musinsky, Susan L. Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Joanne Ngeow, Huu Phuc Nguyen, Dieter Niederacher, Henriette Roed Nielsen, Finn Cilius Nielsen, Robert L. Nussbaum, Kenneth Offit, Anna Öfverholm, Kai Ren Ong, Ana Osorio, Laura Papi, Janos Papp, Barbara Pasini, Inge Sokilde Pedersen, Ana Peixoto, Nina Peruga, Paolo Peterlongo, Esther Pohl, Nisha Pradhan, Karolina Prajzendanc, Fabienne Prieur, Pascal Pujol, Paolo Radice, Susan J. Ramus, Johanna Rantala, Muhammad Usman Rashid, Kerstin Rhiem, Mark Robson, Gustavo C. Rodriguez, Mark T. Rogers, Vilius Rudaitis, Ane Y. Schmidt, Rita Katharina Schmutzler, Leigha Senter, Payal D. Shah, Priyanka Sharma, Lucy E. Side, Jacques Simard, Christian F. Singer, Anne Bine Skytte, Thomas P. Slavin, Katie Snape, Hagay Sobol, Melissa Southey, Linda Steele, Doris Steinemann, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Christian Sutter, Csilla I. Szabo, Yen Y. Tan, Manuel R. Teixeira, Mary Beth Terry, Alex Teulé, Abigail Thomas, Darcy L. Thull, Marc Tischkowitz, Silvia Tognazzo, Amanda Ewart Toland, Sabine Topka, Alison H. Trainer, Nadine Tung, Christi J. van Asperen, Annemieke H. van der Hout, Lizet E. van der Kolk, Rob B. van der Luijt, Mattias Van Heetvelde, Liliana Varesco, Raymonda Varon-Mateeva, Ana Vega, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Anna von Wachenfeldt, Lisa Walker, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Bernhard H.F. Weber, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Sook Yee Yoon, Cristina Zanzottera, Jamal Zidan, Kristin K. Zorn, Christina G. Hutten Selkirk, Peter J. Hulick, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Amanda B. Spurdle, Antonis C. Antoniou, Katherine L. Nathanson

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89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prevalence and spectrum of germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 have been reported in single populations, with the majority of reports focused on White in Europe and North America. The Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA) has assembled data on 18,435 families with BRCA1 mutations and 11,351 families with BRCA2 mutations ascertained from 69 centers in 49 countries on six continents. This study comprehensively describes the characteristics of the 1,650 unique BRCA1 and 1,731 unique BRCA2 deleterious (disease-associated) mutations identified in the CIMBA database. We observed substantial variation in mutation type and frequency by geographical region and race/ethnicity. In addition to known founder mutations, mutations of relatively high frequency were identified in specific racial/ethnic or geographic groups that may reflect founder mutations and which could be used in targeted (panel) first pass genotyping for specific populations. Knowledge of the population-specific mutational spectrum in BRCA1 and BRCA2 could inform efficient strategies for genetic testing and may justify a more broad-based oncogenetic testing in some populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-620
Number of pages28
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BRCA1
  • BRCA2
  • breast cancer
  • ethnicity
  • geography
  • mutation
  • ovarian cancer

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