We have shown that epidermal growth factor (EGF) purified either by the classical method of Savage and Cohen, or solely by h.p.l.c. techniques can be resolved into two species, EGF alpha and EGF beta. However, despite the apparent purity of such materials, as determined both chromatographically and by amino acid analysis, they failed to give homogeneous products on radioiodination. Analysis by isoelectric focusing on agarose gels followed by transfer to nitrocellulose and silver staining showed that EGF alpha could be further resolved into three sub-species which focused at pH 4.6, 4.3 and 4.1. EGF beta (which also focused at pH 4.6) contained very small amounts of the species with isoelectric points of 4.1 and 4.3, probably due to slight contamination of this preparation by EGF alpha. Preparative separation of the sub-species of EGF alpha was achieved by high performance anion-exchange chromatography at pH 6.5 on a Pharmacia Mono Q column. Radioiodination of these purified sub-species did not produce significant charge heterogeneity. However, two slightly different forms of [125I]EGF alpha 1 (pH 4.6 species) were separable by anion-exchange chromatography on the Mono Q column. All of the EGF species competed for binding to EGF receptors on A431 cells and were active mitogens for BALB/c 3T3 fibroblasts.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||The EMBO Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1983|