Multiple lane presence reduction factors are widely used in traffic load models for bridge design to account for the reduced probability of multiple heavy vehicles occurring simultaneously in adjacent lanes. It is custom to reduce the single lane loading by a reduction factor with a value less than one which further reduces as the number of loaded lanes increases. The values of these factors currently published in design codes tend to be based on many assumptions due to previous lack of data. This paper describes a novel method to determine reduction factors based on Extreme Value statistics and multiple lane Weigh in Motion data. The method compares load effects in parallel lanes at characteristic level and avoids traffic composition and multiple presence assumptions made in previous works which were necessary due to the absence of good quality multiple lane data. As the method is based on Weigh in Motion data it also accounts for the possibility of multiple vehicles in any one lane. The method does not rely on dependence or independence between lanes.
- Bridge loading
- Generalized extreme value
- Multiple lane presence
- Multiple presence reduction factors
- Weigh in motion