Multiple high-intensity focused ultrasound probes for kidney-tissue ablation

Axel Häcker, Sunita Chauhan, Kristina Peters, Ralf Hildenbrand, Ernst Marlinghaus, Peter Alken, Maurice Stephan Michel

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Background and Purpose: To investigate kidney-tissue ablation by high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) using multiple and single probes. Materials and Methods: Ultrasound beams (1.75 MHz) produced by a piezoceramic element (focal distance 80 mm) were focused at the center of renal parenchyma. One of the three probes (mounted on a jig) could also be used for comparison with a single probe at comparable power ratings. Lesion dimensions were examined in perfused and unperfused ex vivo porcine kidneys at different power levels (40, 60, and 80 W) and treatment times (4, 6, and 8 seconds). Results: At identical power levels, the lesions induced by multiple probes were larger than those induced by a single probe. Lesion size increased with increasing poise duration and generator power. The sizes and shapes of the lesions were predictably repeatable in all samples. Lesions in perfused kidneys were smaller than those in unperfused kidneys. Conclusions: Ex vivo, kidney-tissue ablation by means of multiple HIFU probes offers significant advantages over single HIFU probes in respect of lesion size and formation. These advantages need to be confirmed by tests in vivo at higher energy levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1036-1040
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endourology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

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