Multiple factor analysis on preparation of cellulose nanofiber by ball milling from softwood pulp

Liyuan Zhang, Yumei Jia, Hui He, Juliang Yin, Ruoyang Chen, Caiqian Zhang, Wei Shen, Xungai Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work aimed to investigate the effects of various single factors and their interactions on the preparation of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) using ball milling. These factors included the milling ball size, milling time, mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp, and alkali concentration, as well as their complicated interactions. The Taguchi method was applied to the experimental design to systematically study the influences of these factors on the yield of CNF. A method for evaluating the yield of CNF was developed. Both of the simple analysis (SA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the experimental results indicated that the most significant factor influencing the yield of CNF was the mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp. The interactions between this factor and other single factors, e.g., milling time, also showed significant influence on the yield of CNF. Although the influence of milling ball size was negligible, its interaction with mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp must be considered during production. Based on these findings, a mini scaled-up practice was proposed to demonstrate the possibility of the application of ball milling on the mass production of CNF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2397-2410
Number of pages14
JournalBioResources
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
  • Ball milling
  • Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)
  • Multiple factor analysis (MFA)
  • Taguchi method

Cite this

Zhang, Liyuan ; Jia, Yumei ; He, Hui ; Yin, Juliang ; Chen, Ruoyang ; Zhang, Caiqian ; Shen, Wei ; Wang, Xungai. / Multiple factor analysis on preparation of cellulose nanofiber by ball milling from softwood pulp. In: BioResources. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 2397-2410.
@article{40124876100440adb655222283c64252,
title = "Multiple factor analysis on preparation of cellulose nanofiber by ball milling from softwood pulp",
abstract = "This work aimed to investigate the effects of various single factors and their interactions on the preparation of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) using ball milling. These factors included the milling ball size, milling time, mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp, and alkali concentration, as well as their complicated interactions. The Taguchi method was applied to the experimental design to systematically study the influences of these factors on the yield of CNF. A method for evaluating the yield of CNF was developed. Both of the simple analysis (SA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the experimental results indicated that the most significant factor influencing the yield of CNF was the mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp. The interactions between this factor and other single factors, e.g., milling time, also showed significant influence on the yield of CNF. Although the influence of milling ball size was negligible, its interaction with mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp must be considered during production. Based on these findings, a mini scaled-up practice was proposed to demonstrate the possibility of the application of ball milling on the mass production of CNF.",
keywords = "Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Ball milling, Cellulose nanofiber (CNF), Multiple factor analysis (MFA), Taguchi method",
author = "Liyuan Zhang and Yumei Jia and Hui He and Juliang Yin and Ruoyang Chen and Caiqian Zhang and Wei Shen and Xungai Wang",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.15376/biores.13.2.2397-2410",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "2397--2410",
journal = "BioResources",
issn = "1930-2126",
number = "2",

}

Multiple factor analysis on preparation of cellulose nanofiber by ball milling from softwood pulp. / Zhang, Liyuan; Jia, Yumei; He, Hui; Yin, Juliang; Chen, Ruoyang; Zhang, Caiqian; Shen, Wei; Wang, Xungai.

In: BioResources, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2018, p. 2397-2410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multiple factor analysis on preparation of cellulose nanofiber by ball milling from softwood pulp

AU - Zhang, Liyuan

AU - Jia, Yumei

AU - He, Hui

AU - Yin, Juliang

AU - Chen, Ruoyang

AU - Zhang, Caiqian

AU - Shen, Wei

AU - Wang, Xungai

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - This work aimed to investigate the effects of various single factors and their interactions on the preparation of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) using ball milling. These factors included the milling ball size, milling time, mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp, and alkali concentration, as well as their complicated interactions. The Taguchi method was applied to the experimental design to systematically study the influences of these factors on the yield of CNF. A method for evaluating the yield of CNF was developed. Both of the simple analysis (SA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the experimental results indicated that the most significant factor influencing the yield of CNF was the mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp. The interactions between this factor and other single factors, e.g., milling time, also showed significant influence on the yield of CNF. Although the influence of milling ball size was negligible, its interaction with mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp must be considered during production. Based on these findings, a mini scaled-up practice was proposed to demonstrate the possibility of the application of ball milling on the mass production of CNF.

AB - This work aimed to investigate the effects of various single factors and their interactions on the preparation of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) using ball milling. These factors included the milling ball size, milling time, mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp, and alkali concentration, as well as their complicated interactions. The Taguchi method was applied to the experimental design to systematically study the influences of these factors on the yield of CNF. A method for evaluating the yield of CNF was developed. Both of the simple analysis (SA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the experimental results indicated that the most significant factor influencing the yield of CNF was the mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp. The interactions between this factor and other single factors, e.g., milling time, also showed significant influence on the yield of CNF. Although the influence of milling ball size was negligible, its interaction with mass ratio of milling ball to cellulose pulp must be considered during production. Based on these findings, a mini scaled-up practice was proposed to demonstrate the possibility of the application of ball milling on the mass production of CNF.

KW - Analysis of variance (ANOVA)

KW - Ball milling

KW - Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)

KW - Multiple factor analysis (MFA)

KW - Taguchi method

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045211710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.15376/biores.13.2.2397-2410

DO - 10.15376/biores.13.2.2397-2410

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 2397

EP - 2410

JO - BioResources

JF - BioResources

SN - 1930-2126

IS - 2

ER -