Multimodal interfaces for dynamic interactive maps

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Dynamic interactive maps with transparent but powerful human interface capabilities are beginning to emerge for a variety of geographical information systems, including ones situated on portables for travelers, students, business and service people, and others working in field settings. In the present research, interfaces supporting spoken, pen-based, and multimodal input were analyzed for their potential effectiveness in interacting with this new generation of map systems. Input modality (speech, writing or multimodal) and map display format (highly versus minimally structured) were varied in a within-subject factorial design as people completed realistic tasks with a simulated map system. The results identified a constellation of performance difficulties associated with speech-only map interactions, difficulties that declined substantially when people could interact multimodally with the map.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI '96 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Subtitle of host publicationVancouver, British Columbia, Canada — April 13 - 18, 1996
Place of PublicationPiscataway NJ USA
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)0897917774
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 1996 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 13 Apr 199618 Apr 1996
Conference number: 14th


ConferenceInternational Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 1996
Abbreviated titleCHI 1996

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