Multimessenger astronomy with a kHz-band gravitational-wave observatory

Nikhil Sarin, Paul D. Lasky

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Proposed next-generation networks of gravitational-wave observatories include dedicated kilohertz instruments that target neutron star science, such as the proposed Neutron Star Extreme Matter Observatory, NEMO. The original proposal for NEMO highlighted the need for it to exist in a network of gravitational-wave observatories to ensure detection confidence and sky localisation of sources. We show that NEMO-like observatories have significant utility on their own as coincident electromagnetic observations can provide the detection significance and sky localisation. We show that, with a single NEMO-like detector and expected electromagnetic observatories in the late 2020 s and early 2030 s such as the Vera C. Rubin observatory and SVOM, approximately 40% of all binary neutron star mergers detected with gravitational waves could be confidently identified as coincident multimessenger detections. We show that we expect 2+10-1 yr-1 coincident observations of gravitational-wave mergers with gamma-ray burst prompt emission 13+23-10 yr-1 detections with kilonova observations 4+18-3 yr-1 and with broadband afterglows and kilonovae, where the uncertainties are 90% confidence intervals arising from uncertainty in current merger-rate estimates. Combined, this implies a coincident detection rate of 14 +25-11 yr-1 out to. These numbers indicate significant science potential for a single kilohertz gravitational-wave detector operating without a global network of other gravitational-wave observatories.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere007
Number of pages11
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Australia
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2022


  • (stars:) gamma-ray burst: general
  • Gravitational waves

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