Multifunctional carbon nanotube yarns and transparent sheets: Fabrication, properties, and applications

Ken R. Atkinson, Stephen C. Hawkins, Chi Huynh, Chris Skourtis, Jane Dai, Mei Zhang, Shaoli Fang, Anvar A. Zakhidov, Sergey B. Lee, Ali E. Aliev, Christopher D. Williams, Ray H. Baughman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

120 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have a range of useful properties, such as high strength and modulus, high electrical and thermal conductivities, are stable at relatively high and low temperatures, and because of a low density, the specific properties are even better. For these reasons, CNTs are of great technological interest, however, difficulties in assembling the trillions of nanotubes into macro-sized objects without the use of binders has retarded the growth of practical applications. The work presented outlines efforts to develop a solid-state process for nanotube assembly that promises to eliminate the requirement to use binders and capture the inherent properties of nanotubes. These processes include spinning CNT forests into yarns having toughness and high electrical conductivity, and drawing the forests to form webs with gravimetric strengths higher than high tensile steel plate. Both yarns and webs have high electrical conductivities and can be used for emission of light by incandescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-343
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
Volume394
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Multifunctional
  • Sheets
  • Spinning
  • Transparent
  • Yarns

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