Multi-solvent large stopband monitoring based on the insolubility/superoleophilicity of PEDOT inverse opals

Pingping Wu, Jingxia Wang, Lei Jiang

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Monitoring and post-processing of organic solvents are important for environmental protection. Challenges remain in the development of a universal material which can detect any solvent with a large stopband shift and show excellent stability. Herein, we demonstrate a poly 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene inverse opal (PEDOT-IO) with a large stopband shift toward various solvents based on the insolubility/superoleophilicity properties. The PEDOT-IO film was fabricated by the potentiostatic polymerization of 3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene using a three-electrode system, infiltrating the interstices of the photonic crystal template with PEDOT and subsequently removing the template. The surface of the PEDOT-IO film presented a composite structure: interconnected pores and hollow shells. When the solvent was introduced into the voids of PEDOT-IO film, the effective refractive index (n) of the whole sample increased due to the replacement of air with the solvent, and the pores and hollow shells showed different degrees of swelling. The synergistic effect of increasednand volume expansion contributed to a large redshift of the stopband of the PEDOT-IO film. PEDOT-IO film exhibited excellent resistance to various solvents and high/low temperature. This work further enriches the application of conductive polymers in solvent-responsive PC sensors and provides a novel means of creating PC-based optical materials and devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4519-4527
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale Advances
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

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