Multi-cationic ionic liquid combination enabling 86-fold enhancement in frequency response and superior energy density in all-solid-state supercapacitors

Mihir Kumar Jha, Neelam Sunariwal, Bradyn J. Parker, Neil Cameron, Chandramouli Subramaniam

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Polymer ionic-conductor electrolytes with seamless electrode-electrolyte interface are indispensable for extracting the full potential of all-solid-state electrochemical double layer capacitors. While ionic liquids are among the best ionic conductors in liquid state and offer a wide potential window, translating their ionic mobility and activity to solid-state is important, yet challenging. In this direction, we report a mixed ionic liquid based solid electrolyte with an ionic conductivity of 1 mS/cm that delivers 86-fold higher scan-rate operability and 2.6 times lower relaxation time constant than their individual constituents. Specifically, a flexible polymeric matrix impregnated with a mixture of monocationic (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide (BMIm TFSI)) and a dicationic ionic liquid (1,4-di(vinylimidazolium) butane bisbromide ([DVIM]Br)) facilitates rapid and extensive formation of electrical double layer when integrated with carbon-based electrodes. The resulting all-solid-sate flexible supercapacitor achieves superior scan rate operability (15,000 mV/s) and ultralow relaxation time constant (7.8 ms), translating to high discharge current density (>1 mA/cm2), energy density (26.4 Wh/kg) and power density (61,127 W/kg). The improved rate capability (~83 %) and energy storage performance is attributed to a synergistic interplay of ionic strength, conductivity and ion mobility of the mixed ionic-liquid that unfold newer avenues towards solid-electrolyte engineering for energy storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105164
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • Cationic ionic liquids
  • Electrolytes
  • Rate capability
  • Solid-state supercapacitors
  • Waste-derived carbons

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