Multi-agent planning under uncertainty for capacity management

Frits de Nijs, Mathijs M. De Weerdt, Matthijs T.J. Spaan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review


Demand response refers to the concept that power consumption should aim to match supply, instead of supply following demand. It is a key technology to enable the successful transition to an electricity system that incorporates more and more intermittent and uncontrollable renewable energy sources. For instance, loads such as heat pumps or charging of electric vehicles are potentially flexible and could be shifted in time to take advantage of renewable generation. Load shifting is most effective, however, when it is performed in a coordinated fashion to avoid merely shifting the peak instead of flattening it. In this chapter, we discuss multi-agent planning algorithms for capacity management to address this issue. Our methods focus in particular on addressing the challenges that result from the need to plan ahead into the future given uncertainty in supply and demand. We demonstrate that by decoupling the interactions of agents with the constraint, the resulting algorithms are able to compute effective demand response policies for hundreds of agents.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent Integrated Energy Systems
Subtitle of host publicationThe PowerWeb Program at TU Delft
EditorsPeter Palensky, Miloš Cvetković, Tamás Keviczky
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783030000578
ISBN (Print)9783030000561
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

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