Multi agent electric vehicle control based primary frequency support for future smart micro-grid

Hassan S.Haes Alhelou, M. E.H. Golshan, Masoud Hajiakbari Fini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


A high penetration level of renewable energy sources such as wind power turbines and solar photovoltaic generation, in micro-grid systems causes some problems to micro-grid operator, e.g., lack in primary reserve. Recently, many countries around the world decided to increase their electric vehicles in the near future which provide a good chance to use them as a battery energy storage system (BESS). This paper proposes a new scheme to provide necessary primary reserve from electric vehicles by using multi-Agent control of each individual vehicle. The proposed scheme determines the primary reserve based on vehicle's information such as initial state of charge (SOC), the required SOC for the next trip, and the vehicle's departure time. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is shown by the simulation study in a micro-grid with several generation units such as diesel engine generator (DEG), flywheel, fuel cell, renewable energy resources, and electric vehicles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmart Grid Conference, SGC 2015
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509003693
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE Smart Grid Conference 2015 - Tehran, Iran
Duration: 23 Dec 201524 Dec 2015 (Proceedings)


ConferenceIEEE Smart Grid Conference 2015
Abbreviated titleSGC 2015
Internet address


  • Electric vehicle
  • Multi-Agent control
  • Primary frequency control
  • Renewable energies

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