MP-PIC modeling of CFB risers with homogeneous and heterogeneous drag models

Jun Xie, Wenqi Zhong, Aibing Yu

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53 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, the MP-PIC (multiphase particle-in-cell) approach is used for three-dimensional (3D) modeling of the gas-solid flows in two types of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) risers with Geldart group A and B particles by incorporating the homogeneous and heterogeneous drag force models in the MP-PIC method, respectively. First, the effects of the three important simulation parameters, namely, the grid cell number, numerical particle-parcel size and time step, are investigated. Having determined the appropriate values for the three parameters, the hydrodynamic characteristics predicted by different drag force models are rigorously analyzed. The homogeneous drag models considered are the six models, the Wen-Yu, Wenyu-Ergun, Syamlal-O'Brien, Gidaspow, HKL, and BVK models, while the four heterogeneous models considered are Sarkar and EMMS-based models (EMMS-Yang, EMMS-Matrix and EMMS-QL). For the riser 1 with the Geldart A particles, all the six homogeneous models predict extremely high solid fluxes and inconsistent void fraction distributions compared with experimental results. The heterogeneous Sarkar and EMMS-based models can effectively improve the simulation accuracy and predict a typical core-annulus flow structure. The lately-developed EMMS-QL model produces the most accurate solid flux. For the riser 2 with the Geldart B particles, both the heterogeneous and homogeneous drag force models can predict a reasonable flow structure. Further, there are no significant differences in the void fraction and velocity profiles due to the choice of a drag force model over the other. These drag force models also successfully capture the meso-scale local particle clusters. Of these drag-force models, the Wenyu-Ergun drag-forec model predicts comparatively accurate solid flux. Generally, MP-PIC combined with heterogeneous Sarkar and EMMS-based drag force models reasonably improve the simulation accuracy for the Geldart A particles, while these heterogeneous models have no superiority over the homogeneous drag models for the Geldart B particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2859-2871
Number of pages13
JournalAdvanced Powder Technology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • CFB riser
  • Drag model
  • EMMS
  • Gas-solid flow
  • MP-PIC

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