Motivators and barriers for older people participating in resistance training: A systematic review

Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Gill Lewin, Simone Pettigrew, Anne Marie Hill, Phil Airey, Liz Bainbridge, Keith D. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Regular participation in resistance training is important for older people to maintain their health and independence, yet participation rates are low. The study aimed to identify motivators and barriers to older people participating in resistance training. A systematic review was conducted including quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method studies. Searches generated 15,920 citations from six databases, with 14 studies (n = 1,937 participants) included. In total, 92 motivators and 24 barriers were identified. Motivators specific to participating in resistance training included preventing deterioration (disability), reducing risk of falls, building (toning) muscles, feeling more alert, and better concentration. Looking too muscular and thinking participation increased the risk of having a heart attack, stroke, or death, despite the minimal likelihood of these occurring, were barriers. The analysis indicates that increasing participation in resistance training among older people should focus on the specific benefits valued by older people and the dissemination of accurate information to counter misperceptions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-324
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ageing
  • Aging
  • Barriers
  • Motivators
  • Strength training
  • Systematic review
  • Weight training

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