Motivating cosmopolitan helping: Thick cosmopolitanism, responsibility for harm, and collective guilt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Political theorists and philosophers have recently directed their attention to understanding how individuals may become motivated to act as ethical cosmopolitans. A prominent theory – termed “thick cosmopolitanism” – argues that the realization one’s ingroup is responsible for causing harm to people in distant nations will increase cosmopolitan helping behavior. Additionally, thick cosmopolitanism suggests that guilt may explain this effect. This article presents the first experimental tests of these claims, and is the first research to use experiments to investigate cosmopolitan helping. Results demonstrate a substantial, but previously unrecognized, limitation to thick cosmopolitanism. Specifically, reminders of ingroup responsibility for causing harm not only increased individuals’ acceptance of responsibility and collective guilt, which indirectly enhanced cosmopolitan helping (Studies 1 and 2), but simultaneously increased dehumanization of the harmed outgroup, which indirectly diminished helping (Study 2). These conflicting processes resulted in no overall increase in cosmopolitan helping, contrary to the predictions of thick cosmopolitanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-331
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Political Science Review
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • collective guilt
  • Cosmopolitanism
  • dehumanization
  • political psychology
  • responsibility
  • thick cosmopolitanism

Cite this

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abstract = "Political theorists and philosophers have recently directed their attention to understanding how individuals may become motivated to act as ethical cosmopolitans. A prominent theory – termed “thick cosmopolitanism” – argues that the realization one’s ingroup is responsible for causing harm to people in distant nations will increase cosmopolitan helping behavior. Additionally, thick cosmopolitanism suggests that guilt may explain this effect. This article presents the first experimental tests of these claims, and is the first research to use experiments to investigate cosmopolitan helping. Results demonstrate a substantial, but previously unrecognized, limitation to thick cosmopolitanism. Specifically, reminders of ingroup responsibility for causing harm not only increased individuals’ acceptance of responsibility and collective guilt, which indirectly enhanced cosmopolitan helping (Studies 1 and 2), but simultaneously increased dehumanization of the harmed outgroup, which indirectly diminished helping (Study 2). These conflicting processes resulted in no overall increase in cosmopolitan helping, contrary to the predictions of thick cosmopolitanism.",
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Motivating cosmopolitan helping : Thick cosmopolitanism, responsibility for harm, and collective guilt. / Faulkner, Nicholas.

In: International Political Science Review, Vol. 38, No. 3, 01.06.2017, p. 316-331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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