More specific versions of definite logic programs are introduced. These are versions of a program in which each clause is further instantiated or removed and which have an equivalent set of successful derivations to those of the original program, but a possibly increased set of finitely failed goals. They are better than the original program because failure in a non-successful derivation may be detected more quickly. Furthermore, information about allowed variable bindings which is hidden in the original program may be made explicit in a more specific version of it. This allows better static analysis of the program's properties and may reveal errors in the original program. A program may have several more specific versions but there is always a most specific version which is unique up to variable renaming. Methods to calculate more specific versions are given and it is characterized when they give the most specific version.
- Logic programs
- specific logic programs